National Air Pollution Control Programme 2030
A key measure in the implementation of the EU commitments and the objectives of national air pollution control policies is the National Air Pollution Control Programme 2030, adopted by the Government in March 2019. The programme includes the measures required for the implementation of the emission reduction commitments set out in the EU’s National Emission Ceilings Directive (2016/2284) and other measures required for the improvement of air quality. These additional measures concern especially the emission sources at breathing height in urban areas (small-scale burning of wood, street dust) and the efforts to take into account air quality in decision-making in other sectors if air quality is affected by it. The emissions of the Åland Islands are included in the National Programme, but Åland Islands makes the decisions concerning its emission reduction measures independently.
EU commitments and fulfilling them
The emission reduction commitments set for Finland in the National Emission Ceilings Directive are presented in the table below. Efforts have been made to determine the commitments of the different EU Member States in a manner that would most benefit the system as a whole with the minimum possible costs. In practice, this means that Finland’s commitments are lower than those of most of the other countries.
Table. Finland’s old and new emission reduction commitments shown as emission reductions in percentages and the emission reduction commitments based on these in kilotonnes (kt).
|Emissions in 2005, used as a basis for the new commitments||New commitments
as of 2030
|SO2||110 kt||70 kt||-30 % (49 kt)||-34 % (46 kt)|
|NOX||170 kt||208 kt||-35 % (135 kt)||-47 % (110 kt)|
|NMVOC||130 kt||146 kt||-35 % (95 kt)||-48 % (76 kt)|
|NH3||31 kt||38 kt||-20 % (30 kt)||-20 % ( 30 kt)|
|PM2.5||-||26 kt||-30 % (18 kt)||-34 % (17 kt)|
Calculations regarding the fulfilment of the emission reduction commitments set in the National Emission Ceilings Directive have been conducted by the Finnish Environment Institute. According to these calculations, the commitments will be fulfilled with the measures agreed for the implementation of the energy and climate strategy and the action plan to reduce ammonia emissions from agriculture and with the implementation of the sector-specific emission limit regulations that are already in place and decided upon. In addition to this, the additional measures planned for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan (KAISU) also enhance the reduction of airborne pollutant emissions.
- Valto: Carbon neutral Finland 2035 – national climate and energy strategy
- Valto: Action Plan to Reduce Ammonia Emissions from Agriculture in Finland for the years 2021–2027
- Valto: Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan : Towards a carbon-neutral society
National objectives and measures
Air pollution will continue to have harmful effects on human health and the environment in 2030 even if the commitments of the National Emission Ceilings Directive are fulfilled. The air pollution control programme therefore includes measures with which emissions and concentrations of pollutants can be brought even lower than the level required in EU legislation.
These measures concern especially the emission sources at breathing height in urban areas (small-scale burning of wood, street dust) and the efforts to take into account air quality in all planning, decision-making and implementation that affects air quality. In addition, the programme includes measures related to developing and spreading information and knowledge about the costs of the adverse effects of air pollution.
A broad range of national, regional and local operators are responsible for implementing the measures. The key operators include different ministries (Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Education and Culture), ELY Centres, Traficom, municipalities, Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority HSY, research institutes (Finnish Environment Institute, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finnish Meteorological Institute, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Valvira), equipment manufacturers and different organisations (e.g. Nuohousalan keskusliitto, Organisation for Respiratory Health, Tulisijayhdistys).