Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan
The Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan is based on the Climate Change Act that came into force in 2015. The plan is drawn up during each electoral term, and it includes an action programme to reduce emissions in the effort-sharing sector. The plan will be updated to meet the increasingly stringent EU obligations for 2030 and the Government’s target to achieve carbon neutrality by 2035.
Timeline of the preparation process
To support the drafting of the plan, a working group composed of the key ministries and the Finnish Climate Change Panel as the scientific expert body was appointed in October 2020.
The draft plan should be ready in autumn 2021, after which it will be sent out for public consultation. Feedback received from the consultation will be taken into account to finalise the Climate Change Policy Plan.
The Government is to submit the Climate Change Policy Plan as a report to Parliament in January 2022.
The preparation of the Climate Change Policy Plan is being coordinated with the process to prepare the new Energy and Climate Strategy, led by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment. The Climate Change Act will also be updated, as stated in the Government Programme.
Extensive cooperation to prepare the plan
Openness and hearing people’s views have been the key elements in the preparation of the plan. The aim is to produce information and develop solutions in support of a climate policy that is as fair and just as possible.
The stakeholders received information on the progress of the preparations at the Climate Change Policy Plan 2035 event on 19 January 2021. During spring 2021, views of the different stakeholders were collected at a discussion event with the Sámi Parliament, the Citizens’ Jury convened by random sampling, discussions in the Climate Policy Roundtable, and various events concerning justice and equality. The online survey targeted to public at large in early 2021 attracted as many as 18,000 responses.
The project ‘Carbon neutral Finland 2035 – measures and impacts of climate and energy policy’(HIISI), coordinated by the Technical Research Centre of Finland VTT, has supported the impact assessments of the plan. The project has analysed the impacts of the measures to be included in plan on the different emission sectors, industries, people and the environment. The same knowledge based will be used for the Energy and Climate Strategy as well.
- News item 26.8.2021: Citizens’ Jury tested in Finland to support climate policy preparation
- Press release 27.4.2021: Citizens’ Jury publishes a statement on the fairness of climate actions
- Press release 22.2.2021: Online survey on the climate plan attracted 18,000 responses
Materials related to the preparation of the Climate Change Policy Plan are available in the Gateway to Information on Government Projects (in Finnish)
What is the Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan?
The Medium-term Climate Change Policy plan is based on the Climate Change Act that came into force in 2015.
The plan is drawn up during each electoral term, and it includes an action programme to reduce emissions in the non-emissions trading sectors, i.e. the effort-sharing sector. This comprises emissions from transport, agriculture, building-specific heating, non-road mobile machinery and waste management, and F-gas emissions.
The implementation of the plan is monitored through the annual climate change reports to Parliament that are based on the Climate Change Act. Now the planning system under the Climate Change Act is implemented side by side with the process to prepare the National Energy and Climate Strategy. The National Energy and Climate Strategies cover the emissions trading, effort sharing and land use sectors.
The first Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan ‘Towards Climate-Smart Day-to-Day Living’ was completed in 2017. It sets out the measures through which Finland will achieve the target to reduce emissions by 39% by 2030, compared to the levels in 2005. The Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan further specifies and complements the Energy and Climate Strategy adopted in 2016.