Medium-term climate change policy plan
The medium-term climate change policy plans are based on the Climate Change Act that came into force in 2015. The plan is drawn up for each electoral term, and it includes an action programme to reduce emissions in the non-emissions trading sectors, i.e. the effort-sharing sector. This comprises emissions from transport, agriculture, building-specific heating, non-road mobile machinery and waste management, and F-gas emissions. The implementation of the medium-term climate change policy plan is monitored through the annual climate change reports to Parliament drawn up under the Climate Change Act. Currently the planning system under the Climate Change Act is coordinated with the preparation process of the energy and climate strategies, which cover the emissions trading, effort-sharing and land use sectors.
The Finnish Government approved the first Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan ‘Towards Climate-Smart Day-to-Day Living’ in 2017. It sets out the measures through which Finland will achieve the target to reduce emissions by 39% by 2030, compared to the levels in 2005. The Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan of 2017 further specifies and complements the Energy and Climate Strategy adopted in 2016.
According to Prime Minister Sanna Marin's Government Programme (2019), the Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan and Energy and Climate Strategy will be updated so that Finland can reach the emission reduction level to 2030 required to achieve carbon neutrality by 2035. The new Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan and Energy and Climate Strategy will be prepared in a coordinated manner in 2020–2021. As stated in the Government Programme, the Climate Change Act will also be updated, and the new act should enter into force in 2021.