Nature and water
A diverse natural environment and living waters are the foundation of the wellbeing of us humans and the natural environment and a key condition for all activities in society.
The aim of the Ministry of the Environment is to halt the decline in biodiversity in Finland and ensure a favourable conservation status for species and habitats. We want to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and take care of the state of rivers, lakes, groundwater and the Baltic Sea.
Reform of the nature conservation legislation »
The reform of the nature conservation legislation includes updates to the Nature Conservation Act and Decree, a new act on compensations for damages caused by protected species, and a project to test and develop ecological compensation.
Helmi habitats programme aims to strengthen Finland’s biodiversity and safeguard the vital ecosystem services that nature provides for us.
The programme to enhance the effectiveness of water protection, led by the Ministry of the Environment, aims to make Finland a world leader in effective water protection.
Biodiversity must be protected and maintained in order to safeguard the conditions which support life on the planet. Safeguarding biodiversity requires an effort from the whole of society.
International biodiversity policy »
Finland has long been participating in international cooperation on nature conservation, and is also bound by several international agreements whose aim is to protect biodiversity.
What is the green transition? »
The green transition means a shift towards economically sustainable growth and an economy that is not based on fossil fuels and overconsumption of natural resources.