A total of 12 sites in northern Finland have been designated as wilderness areas. The aim is to
- preserve the wilderness character of the areas
- protect the Saami culture and nature-based livelihoods
- promote a diverse use of the natural environment.
In wilderness areas a Government permit is required for the construction of permanent roads and for mining operations. Forests are preserved in their natural state. Management and use plans have been adopted for all wilderness areas in Finland. The management of these areas is the responsibility of Metsähallitus, a State-owned enterprise that manages the State’s land and water areas.