Government’s climate policy: carbon-neutral Finland by 2035
According to Sanna Marin’s Government Programme in 2019 Finland will be carbon-neutral by 2035, and the world’s first fossil-free welfare society. This requires faster emissions reductions in all sectors and strengthening our carbon sinks.
Climate change, loss of biodiversity and overconsumption are different aspects of the same sustainability crisis, which is why the Government has adopted a comprehensive approach to their root causes. The means to achieve the target include new decisions on climate policy and nearly emissions-free electricity and heat production by the end of 2030s, as well as reducing the carbon footprint of building, promoting a circular economy, and a climate-friendly food policy. In taxation, the focus will shift even more to taxes on environmentally harmful activities. The decline in biodiversity will be halted by reforming the nature conservation legislation, increasing the funding for the protection of biodiversity and promoting a sustainable use of natural resources.
The work on this is led and guided by the Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy, chaired by Minister of the Environment and Climate Change Krista Mikkonen. Work on the Government’s policy will be done in an open and transparent manner, including public consultations to hear the citizens’ views. Emissions reductions will be implemented in a way that is fair and just, both socially and regionally.
- Reform of the Climate Change Act
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment: Energy and climate strategy
- Medium-term climate plan
- Climate programme for the land use sector
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment: Low-carbon roadmaps for specific sectors
- Roadmap to fossil-free transport (in Finnish)
- Roadmap to low-carbon building (in Finnish)
- Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: Climate-friendly food production and consumption
- Habitats protection, restoration and management programme ‘Helmi’
- Roadmap to sustainable taxation (in Finnish)
- Reform of energy taxation (in Finnish)
- Reform of taxes and payments in sustainable transport (in Finnish)
- Round table on climate policy
- Programme to promote a circular economy
- Reform of the land use and building act (in Finnish)
- Wood building programme
Ministerial working group
Minister of the Environment and Climate Change
Minister of Transport and Communications
Minister for Development Cooperation and Foreign Trade
Minister of Economic Affairs
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
Minister of Education
Minister for Nordic Cooperation and Equality
Senior Environmental Adviser, Ministry of the Environment
Riikka Yliluoma, Special Adviser to the Minister
Ministry of the Environment, Ympäristö- ja ilmastoministerin esikunta Telephone:0295250091
Comments from citizens to spur reform of the climate change policy plan – How can we reduce emissions effectively and fairly?
The Ministry of the Environment invites views and opinions on how emissions can be reduced effectively and fairly through an online survey open to all. The survey is open from 19 January to 19 February. The responses will help to prepare a new medium-term climate change policy plan.
“Finland’s aim is to be carbon neutral by 2035. Achieving this goal requires action and change from every one of us. That’s why it’s important to hear what kind of emission reduction measures Finns consider to be effective and fair. It pays to complete the survey, this is a real opportunity to have an impact,” says Krista Mikkonen, Minister of the Environment and Climate.
The themes of the survey – transport, food and housing – affect the daily life of every Finn and also account for the majority of our carbon footprint. The survey presents various possible measures to reduce emissions and asks about their impact on the respondent’s activities and their acceptability. In addition, there are open-ended questions where respondents can express their own thoughts in more depth.
A summary of the responses will be submitted to the working group preparing the medium-term climate change policy plan. It will also be published on the website of the Ministry of the Environment during spring. The answers will be processed anonymously.
The medium-term climate change policy plan will be updated to meet the Government’s goal of achieving a carbon-neutral Finland by the year 2035. The plan contains a description of the development of emissions in the past and estimates the development of emissions based on the current policy measures in relation to the targets. The plan also outlines new policy measures, and their effectiveness is assessed in relation to the objectives.
To support the preparation of the plan, a working group was set up in October 2020, with representatives from the key ministries and the Climate Panel. The draft plan will be completed in the summer of 2021 and will be submitted to Parliament as a report in autumn 2021.
Household consumption accounts for 66 per cent of Finland’s total emissions, calculated on the basis of the carbon footprint. The Climate Panel has estimated that the household carbon footprint should be reduced by about 70 per cent from the level of 2016 in order to meet the 2030 climate targets.
Riikka Yliluoma, Special Adviser to the Minister of the Environment and Climate Change
tel. +358 50 414 1682. [email protected]
Miia Berger, Senior Specialist, tel. +358 295 250 265, [email protected]