Government’s climate policy: carbon-neutral Finland by 2035
According to Sanna Marin’s Government Programme in 2019 Finland will be carbon-neutral by 2035, and the world’s first fossil-free welfare society. This requires faster emissions reductions in all sectors and strengthening our carbon sinks.
Climate change, loss of biodiversity and overconsumption are different aspects of the same sustainability crisis, which is why the Government has adopted a comprehensive approach to their root causes. The means to achieve the target include new decisions on climate policy and nearly emissions-free electricity and heat production by the end of 2030s, as well as reducing the carbon footprint of building, promoting a circular economy, and a climate-friendly food policy. In taxation, the focus will shift even more to taxes on environmentally harmful activities. The decline in biodiversity will be halted by reforming the nature conservation legislation, increasing the funding for the protection of biodiversity and promoting a sustainable use of natural resources.
The work on this is led and guided by the Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy, chaired by Minister of the Environment and Climate Change Krista Mikkonen. Work on the Government’s policy will be done in an open and transparent manner, including public consultations to hear the citizens’ views. Emissions reductions will be implemented in a way that is fair and just, both socially and regionally.
- Reform of the Climate Change Act
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment: Energy and climate strategy
- Medium-term climate plan
- Climate programme for the land use sector
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment: Low-carbon roadmaps for specific sectors
- Roadmap to fossil-free transport (in Finnish)
- Roadmap to low-carbon building (in Finnish)
- Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: Climate-friendly food production and consumption
- Habitats protection, restoration and management programme ‘Helmi’
- Roadmap to sustainable taxation (in Finnish)
- Reform of energy taxation (in Finnish)
- Reform of taxes and payments in sustainable transport (in Finnish)
- Round table on climate policy
- Programme to promote a circular economy
- Reform of the land use and building act (in Finnish)
- Wood building programme
Ministerial working group
Minister of the Environment and Climate Change
Minister of Transport and Communications
Minister for Development Cooperation and Foreign Trade
Minister of Economic Affairs
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
Minister of Education
Minister for Nordic Cooperation and Equality
Senior Environmental Adviser, Ministry of the Environment
Riikka Yliluoma, Special Adviser to the Minister
Ministry of the Environment, Ympäristö- ja ilmastoministerin esikunta Telephone:0295250091
Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy prepares for next week’s climate seminar
The Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy met on Thursday 30 January to prepare for the Government’s climate seminar A fair transition to a carbon-neutral economy, to be held on 3–4 February. The focus will be on how we can bridge the gap between climate actions and commitments and on the impacts of climate policy on Finland.
“A carbon-neutral Finland has become a widely shared priority: an ambitious climate policy finds strong support among both the people and businesses. We have heard the message from the Climate Change Panel that there is still a gap between out targets and the actions we have decided to take. At the meeting we will take a comprehensive look into the climate policies and the path we should take to achieve carbon-neutrality by 2035. We want to make sure that swift and consistent progress is being made in reducing emissions, and that the actions are targeted in a way that is fair and just”, says Minister of the Environment and Climate Change Krista Mikkonen.
The ministers also received reports of the state of play in terms of the set of measures concerning the land use sector and in the European Green Deal.
The extensive set of measures concerning the land use sector contains actions aimed at reducing emissions and strengthening carbon sinks. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry leads the work on forest management, afforestation, measures to reduce forest loss, emissions from mires and peatlands and emissions from agricultural lands, management of peatland forests, and strengthening carbon sequestration. The package also includes a research and development programme that will produce new information in support of e.g. the estimates for emissions and carbon sinks in the land use sector. Later on, this set of measures will be incorporated into the climate programme for the land use sector, to be drafted after the new Climate Change Act has entered into force.
The European Green Deal issued by the Commission in December presents a comprehensive roadmap to rebuilding the EU’s economy on a sustainable basis. The Green Deal comprises a broad range of measures for different sectors, including the European Climate Law, updating the emissions reduction targets to 2030, a Circular Economy Action Plan, and a programme to halt the decline in biodiversity. The ministers noted that an ambitious EU policy on climate issues also supports the achievement of the Government’s climate objectives. Finland considers that the EU should aim to reduce emissions by at least 55 % by 2030. In the efforts to influence the work done under the European Green Deal, Finland will consistently pursue ambitious policies and targets.
The Ministerial Working Group on Climate and Energy Policy guides and directs the implementation of the Government Programme in promoting carbon neutrality, strengthening carbon sinks, and making decisions on climate and energy policy. Important aspects to be taken into account include social justice and international competitiveness. The composition of the working group changed when Minister for Development Cooperation and Foreign Trade Ville Skinnari started as a member, substituting for Minister for European Affairs Tytti Tuppurainen.
Riikka Yliluoma, Special Adviser to the Minister of the Environment and Climate Change, tel. +358 50 414 1682, [email protected]